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Monday, 16th July 2018

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RACE IS NOT A SOCIAL CONSTRUCT - IT'S IN OUR DNA

Frank Salter

Dr Salter holds a PhD. and has taught at universities in Britain and the U.S. and Europe. He is an authority on the biosocial study of ethnicity and nationalism.

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A recent analysis by American geneticist Henry Harpending confirms his earlier finding that the genetic similarity of members of ethnic groups is typically that of first cousins (in the field of genetics, genetic similarity is known as “kinship”).

The finding has profound implications for the understanding of ethnic and racial solidarity and conflict. The first estimation was made in 2002 using old genetic assay data.

The new estimation is based on a much larger database recently collected by the Human Genome Project. The new data are also much more accurate than those available in the 1990s. The original gene assays looked at fewer than 100 sites in the genome.

 With improvements in technology, the new methods look at up to a million sites spread throughout the genome.



The figures show the level of ethnic kinship in a mixed population of French and Japanese. Two French people or two Japanese people have a kinship measure of around 0.06, which is just below that of first cousins within an ethnic group (0.0625).

A French person and Japanese person have negative genetic kinship between them of –0.06.


Modern DNA testing can help us distinguish between them


Ethnic groups are closer genetically when they come from the same regional population, commonly known as a race. And they are further apart genetically when they belong to different races.

Koreans and Chinese are more similar than Koreans and Nigerians. So ethnic kinship varies, depending on the comparison being made. But based on comparisons around the world, ethnic kinship typically approximates that of first cousins.


Kinship in mixed populations, based on the Human Genome Data Base. Henry Harpending derived the top panel, which is a histogram of genetic kinship between all possible pairs of individuals in a synthetic ethnically diverse population created by pooling the French and Japanese HGDP samples. The bottom panel shows, for each individual, his or her closest kin in the sample. For almost everyone his or her closest genetic kinsman is equivalent to a great-grandchild.



In other words, an ethnic group, any ethnic group, is a very large genetic kin group, a genetic family.



All humans share 99.9% of their genes. (In fact, it’s 100%, if a gene is taken to mean a location on the genome; we share 99.9% of the variants, the genetic code, that occur at those locations).

The remaining 0.1%, which is one genetic variant in a thousand, is what gives us our differences. Geneticists focus on this difference when comparing ethnic groups.

Admittedly, 0.1% does not sound like much, but it is sufficient to create dramatic average racial differences that go far beyond skin colour, such as bone density, average height, the ratio of limb-to-body length, the capacity to digest milk and carbohydrates, brain size, temperament, resistance to different diseases, and the speed of childhood development.


Some racial groups didn't evolve in  close proximity to lions


There is considerable overlap for most characteristics. The difference is between averages for these characteristics. But the differences are strong enough for us to notice, just as we can often see differences between families. Overlap is much less when multiple characteristics are taken into account.

To put this in broader context, humans share something like 98.5% of their genes with chimpanzees, leaving a difference of 1.5% That might not sound large.

And there is overlap, for example in body plan, some aspects of brain organisation, a relatively long childhood, the cognitive ability to have self identity, some blood groups, binocular vision, five digits and opposable thumb, capacity for upright gait, and so on.


"Those are not trivial differences"


Given these overlaps, we might conclude that genetic differences between humans and chimpanzees are trivial if we accepted the argument used by leftist scientists to deny the reality of race.

All we would need to do is make the vague assumption that 1.5% genetic difference is very small, really only skin deep. The reality is that 1.5% genetic difference is sufficient to produce the obvious anatomical and behavioural differences between the two species.

The chimpanzee brain is one third the size of ours and lacks a speech centre. Those are not trivial differences. Racial differences are not as great but significant nevertheless. Clearly the genetic difference between human races – about one fifteenth as great as that between humans and chimpanzees – is sufficiently large to produce substantial anatomical and behavioural differences.



But let’s get back to differences of kinship and how it affects social cohesion.

Ethnic groups often number in the millions, which makes them very large stores of members’ genetic variants. If we were to consider the genes shared by one million ethnic French people in comparison to Japanese, we would find that the French group carries 120,000 copies of each member’s distinctive genes.

By comparison, three siblings carry only one and a half copies of each parent’s genome between them. (each child carries half of the parent’s genes).

So, if a mother were to lose three children, she would have lost one and a half copies of her own distinctive genes. However, if that person’s ethnic group were to suffer genocide, she would lose many thousands or even millions of copies of her genome.



Therefore, if children represent a person’s “reproductive interests” or “genetic interests”, so do ethnic groups, though on a much greater scale.

In light of this new understanding, emotions that so often mark ethnic affairs begin to make sense, even though our emotions evolved in small scale societies with a much smaller genetic pool.

All animal and plant species are evolved to perpetuate their genes. The love and protectiveness humans feel for their children evolved because those feelings help children survive and propagate, and children carry half of each parent’s genes.



This study shows that genetic survival is just as much at stake in the welfare of our ethnic groups as it is in the welfare of our family, though we are better evolved to care for offspring than for large ethnic groups.

This might seem simple, as if ethnic identity and human motivation related to it can be reduced to counting genes, but that is not how the human mind works. Suffice it to say that beliefs about descent are what define and motivate kinship systems.

Members of an ethnic group believe that they share ancestors as well as culture. This perceived kinship, expressed in folkloric metaphors such as “shared blood”, explains why ethnic motivation can be so strong.



Knowledge of genetics might, in principle, be a substitute for folklore, but we have not needed it for thousands of years. By and large, beliefs about ancestry are accurate, so that folkloric beliefs about tribe and culture, about shared “blood”, are generally reasonably accurate substitutes for scientific knowledge of ethnic kinship, though they are fallible.



This contradicts the theory which is currently accepted by many sociologists, that ethnicity and race are socially constructed with no biological underpinning. It also has profound implications for the current multiculturalist dogma that drives our immigration policy.



Multiculturalist ideology asserts that social cohesion can (and should) co-exist with ethnic diversity. So let’s discuss the distribution of cohesion and affiliation within society. Pools of cohesion exist in society which roughly correspond to pools of genetic kinship. The deepest pools of cohesion are the smallest – families.

Ethnic groups and nations are much larger but also much shallower in the intensity with which members are bound together. Some affiliation is better than none.

Homogeneous societies show relatively low levels of conflict and high levels of cohesion. These are forms of social capital worth defending.

The most intense form of cohesion is altruism, the willingness to sacrifice life and limb for “our people” in times of natural disaster and war. This might explain the overrepresentation of Anglo-Australians in the Australian armed forces.


Lee Rigby was prepared to fight for his people

So was Michael Adebolajo


When large numbers of people of different races are introduced into a homogenous racial community, things change. Levels of altruistic behaviour such as volunteering, caring and trust, begin to break down. Our carefully nurtured “pools of altruism” are degraded, even between members of the same ethnicity.



It is possible to create artificial and symbolic forms of ethnic kinship. People can bond to some degree through shared upbringing, shared language and accent, shared historical memories, shared political symbols such as monarchy, and shared religious affiliations.

Shared citizenship is a relatively ephemeral social glue, yet Australian governments wave this forlorn legal document as the underwriter of national unity at the same time that they open the borders to millions of diverse immigrants.

None of these “pseudo kinships” are substitutes for ethnic kinship, the mainstay of national cohesion in good and bad times.


Yugoslavia was a successful Multicultural country - until it wasn't


Social research suggests that the ethnic diversity being forced on Western countries will inevitably lead to the degradation of social and economic wellbeing, as rising conflict undermines trust and cooperation.

Islamist terrorism is only the most spectacular tip of the iceberg. This would not be happening if Western populations had been allowed to vote for or against mass non-European immigration.

To quote Irenaeus Eibl-Eibesfeldt of the Max Planck Institute in Germany:

“When humans are given democratic choice, they choose to opt out of multi-ethnic states and form a ‘truer union’ in a relatively homogeneous nation-state in which their own ethnic group is the majority.”

Eibl’s proposal for more ethnically federated states deserves attention. Economic research provides support for giving ethnic groups more autonomy. This trend is most pronounced in democratic states, where citizens have a say in shaping government.

These analyses also show that, contrary to free-market economic theory, ethnic homogeneity and small nation size are significant economic assets (think Switzerland, Austria and the Benelux and Scandinavian countries prior to recent waves of mass immigration).


Switzerland has prospered despite a crippling lack of diversity


As democracy spreads, large ethnically and geographically diverse (multicultural) states are fragmenting through secession. In other words, given the freedom to choose, people opt for independent ethnic states, resulting in more independent countries which are more successful.

Greater decentralization of government is the best means to counter this trend. But as Eibl suggests, it is not clear why the trend should be countered if it reflects democratic choice and results in a stronger economy and more generous welfare rights.

The fact is that humans have never lost their evolved preference for kin, and are happiest when allowed to form families and live among their own people. What our cultural elites call racism and xenophobia is what makes people content around the world.

In short, diversity in a society is not a strength, as we are constantly being told, but a significant and often debilitating weakness.




This article is based on a paper by Frank Salter and Henry Harpending in Personality and Individual Differences in 2013, which can be found here:


http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886912005569.




A fuller explanation of the original findings and their social and political implications can be found in Dr Salter’s book On Genetic Interests.





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Site access stuffed?

This is the only page I can open today!! Have a look at all these wonderful planes in the fly over when you scroll past all the bs about Megan..............http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5938453/Meghan-puts-confident-display-Buckingham-Palace-balcony.html

ALL OUT

Dusty's Doings. Dusty remains at Mossad's secret site at Bondi Junction, in company with Sailor who continues to be worked on. No decision has been made on whether Dusty will be zombiefied, as were Sailor, Chopper and the Pelican. He remains under intensive interrogation as to his suitability to become a zombie agent, As a backstop, Mossad have taken certain steps regarding Rinaldo and his posts on this site. There may be an exciting development re. Rinaldo very soon. Stay tuned.

Chopper Update. Chopper has been put to hard labour on the kibbutz he was transported to after pulling several psychotic rages while at Mossad's Jerusalem based intensive zombiefication school .Chopper is made to post one or two rants per day on Pickering Post, transmitted to him via the zombie implant in his head. Following that exercise Chopper is made to work for his keep, and to pay back money spent flying him to Israel, by planting carrots, turnips and quinces on the kibbutz's back garden. It appears that Chopper will be removed from the kibbutz within a few weeks but it is unknown where his next stop will be. News when available.

PELICAN UPDATE. There is virtually nothing to report today on the Pelican front. As readers might have noticed, the Pelican was conspicuous for lack of zombie postings, the absence caused by him now being fully involved in Jewish studies. Mossad senior command are certain that the Pelican will take Jewish religious orders as soon as possible, given the intensity he has taken in studying that faith. More news when to hand.

New post up and the announcer must be asleep

YAY Larry's back. New Post Up!!

Looks like Trumps nominee for the Supreme Court is a man of principle with high ethical standards ---accordingly he is bound to disappoint Trump in the end.

God it's been good with Stinky off the scene.

NEWS FLASH:

Annie Mac fails kindergarten. ThePhantom fails kindergarten.

that is all

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ctz_dHfYfb8

'No Nerve Agents' In Douma: OPCW Report Demolishes White House Sarin Narrative

A preliminary report published Friday by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) found no traces of any nerve agent at the site of a suspected chemical attack in the Syrian city of Douma. The OPCW report states this unambiguously as follows:

"No organophosphorous nerve agents or their degradation products were detected in the environmental samples or in the plasma samples taken from alleged casualties."

http://www.ronpaulinstitute.org/archives/featured-articles/2018/july/09/no-nerve-agents-in-douma-opcw-report-demolishes-white-house-sarin-narrative/

We now have a great candidate for Australian of the Year, in Dr Richard "Harry" Harris the bloke who dived and assessed the kids trapped in the Thi cave. But he won't get it cos he is white, male, and clearly has a masculine outlook in life. Whats more, he is obviously a "self starter" .

BK – Thinking about your idea of tanker trucks supplying water to drought affected farmers I would like to add the following:

TANK CONSTRUCTION

1. The ideal place would be on the highest part of the land layout.

2. Excavate a large dam like area in the ground can be as deep as practical.

3. Line the base and sides and overlap the top with a weldable sheet PVC membrane

4. If you can imagine plastic milk crates tied together with zip ties, line the base of the tank and continue to build up to the top of the excavation. This provides a rigid internal walling system

5. Bring the sides of the PVC membrane in a weld off, do the same with the top and weld in a filler tube.

6. Backfill around the completed tank with the excavated earth.

7. This completed tank would be strong enough to support farn vehicles driving over the top and would probably last longer than 50-years.

I designed this 20-years ago but instead of using stackable milk crates I incorporate 600 x 600 x 30 thick atlantis drainage cells tied together with zip ties.


Just my thoughts.

PS
All inlets and outlets are welded in and it can even fed with a RAM PUMP

Good morning everyone, I just wanted to say GHOULS RULE!

Seems Kerry Stokes has put his hand up to pay any legal bills Ben Roberts Smith V.C. may incur as a result of any investigation into RUMORS of war crimes.

BK – Thinking about your idea of tanker trucks supplying water to drought affected farmers I would like to add the following:

1. All drought affected farms should be provided with agricultural pipe work fitted with sprinkler heads.

2. Water storage tanks with the capacity to hold the contents of a tanker truck being installed close to road networks.

3. The agricultural pipe work is connected to these storage tanks on a timed release system powered by solar cells fitted to the top of the tanks.

The above should cut down on time spent on transport as the driver would head to designated drop areas.

When the drought is over water available could still be pumped into the agricultural pipe work via a “T” junction.

Just my thoughts.

Channel Seven is being heavily criticised for reporting that violent "non-reflective" (my words) gangs are rampaging out of control in Melbourne. The youths who make up these gangs have been robbing jewellery and other quick-hit stores across the city but apparently this can't be reported on because to do so is racist. So how can victims best describe their assailants? By their genda? Male or female? No. That's making an assumption on their gender. By colour. No. That is descrimatory and reeks of "white supremacy". By their apparent race? No. That is racist. So how? By age (ageist), by "short/tall, fat/thin, visible/non visible in dark conditions? bigotry. No wonder the place is on a downhill slide.