This article is published with the kind permission of RiteOn. It will be closely followed by the other two parts.

AUSTRALIA’S PARLIAMENT & ELECTORAL SYSTEM

Voting is compulsory in Australia, so if you’re on the electoral roll, come election day you HAVE to cast a vote.   If you don’t, you’ll probably get fined without an acceptable valid reason.

Voting is a privilege that many across the world don’t enjoy, and a right that our forefathers fought and died protecting.  Rite ON encourages all Australians to participate in the electoral process of deciding who Governs us Federally for the following 3 years,

But if you’re going to do it, make sure do it right to reflect YOUR wishes.

Australia has a bicameral Parliament (that’s a fancy word for 2 houses of Parliament). The Upper House is called the Senate and the Lower House being the House of Representatives, with the Parliament’s powers established in Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia.

The upper house (Senate), is a house of review for proposed legislation formed in the lower house and can relate to matters of national defence, immigration, the economy and taxation. Having a responsible government is critical to your future, because politics affects everything in our daily lives; our jobs, wages, superannuation, taxes, house values, community safety, roads, schools, and hospitals, and the future for your kids.

In this coming 2019 federal election you will be voting for your federal member in your local division/electorate, and for your State or Territory senators. When you show up to your nearest polling station – democracy sausage sizzle in hand – you’ll be inundated by many parties & candidates’ booth workers coercing you to take their How To Vote Cards which support their party and/or candidate.  Choose wisely – it’s your future and your children’s future at stake.

The House of Representatives and the Senate each have a very different voting system to decide & elect the people’s choice.  There is a normally a green paper for the House of Representatives, and a big white one (daunting one) for the Senate.

Both houses are important to the successful running of the parliament. Your local federal member sits in the House of Reps & titled Member of House of Representatives (MHR), and your State Senators, in the Senate.

To decide who Governs Australia after an election, the party that commands the majority support on the floor of the House of Representatives approaches the Governor General (as the Queen’s representative in Australia) for assent to form Government for a term of 3 years. 

If the Governor General agrees, the 3 year term commences on the first Parliamentary sitting day of the new Government.

For example, in the 2016 Federal election, 150 members were elected to the House of Representatives from 150 divisions (electorates) across the nation.  

The Liberal & National Party coalition formed Government by holding a slim 1 seat majority of 76 seats on the floor of the House of Representatives.  

In the upcoming 2019 Federal election, and after an Australian Electoral Commission review of boundaries, there will be 151 members elected to the House of Representatives.

THE SENATE

The Senate comprises 76 Senators – 12 Senators per State plus 2 Senators per Territory.  In the 2016 election, all 76 Senators faced the voters.  

The first 6 Senators in each State obtaining a “quota” were elected for 6 year terms, the remainder for 3 year terms.  The 2 Senators elected in the ACT & Northern Territory are elected for 3 year terms only. 

In 2019, 40 Senators will face the voters – the six 3 year termers in each State & the two 3 year termers in each of the 2 Territories.  More on the Senate voting system in Part 3 of this Rite ON series.

For more details on Senator’s expiry dates copy the following link into your browser. https://www.aph.gov.au/Senators_and_Members/Senators/Senators_by_service_expiry_date

With disillusionment of the 2 major parties, the vagaries of voting system and a host of new minor parties emerging, it is critical to understand the voting systems in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.   

Even those feeling disillusioned with politics & disengaged from the electoral system should still ensure that their VOTE IS COUNTED and that their VOTE COUNTS.

NO VOTING = NO COMPLAINING.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

HOW TO MAKE SURE YOUR VOTE IS COUNTED

To ensure that the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) counts your voting paper, it must comply with certain rules. 

Ballot papers that do not comply are set aside as INFORMAL and not counted.  The rules vary between the House of Representatives and the Senate, and are defined in section 268 of the Commonwealth Electoral Act.

It says, A vote is INFORMAL if:-

  • the ballot paper is not marked at all (i.e. nothing filled out/blank)
  • the ballot paper does not have the official mark and has not been initialled by the polling official, and the ballot paper is not authentic in the opinion of the Divisional Returning Officer (DRO)
    the ballot paper has writing on it which identifies the voter
  • in the case of an absent vote, the ballot paper is not contained in the declaration envelope
  • in the House of Representatives, the voter has not completed a full preferential vote (i.e. ALL boxes must be completed and contain a preference number that clearly identifies the voter’s intended order of preference)
  • in the Senate, if the voter has NOT filled at least six boxes above the line or at least 12 boxes below the line (more on this in part 2 & 3 of our Rite ON series)
  • there are savings measures to keep formal some ballot papers marked incompletely or incorrectly.

You have to number every single box in the green House of Reps ballot in order of your own personal preference.  

Do NOT leave any boxes blank, and don’t use ticks or crosses – just numbers.  The disillusioned may feel like this cartoon, but make sure your vote is counted.

So put a “1” in the box of the candidate you like best, and a “2” for second best and so on, until you’ve filled out all the boxes, just like this formal valid vote that would be counted into the tally by the AEC:-

In the 2016 House of Reps federal election, 5.05% of votes cast were INFORMAL.  Make sure your vote is counted, and does not unintentionally fall into this category by a misunderstanding of the voting system.

HOW TO MAKE SURE YOUR VOTE COUNTS

The voting system in the House of Reps is a 2 candidate preferred system where first preference votes (number 1) are counted, then a process of the candidate with the lowest vote excluded after each count, and the excluded candidate’s preference votes (numbers 2 onwards) distributed until only 2 candidates remain. 

Then, the candidate with greater than 50% of the 2 candidate preferred votes is elected.

Number the boxes in order of your choice of candidates (best first,  worst last), until you’ve filled out all the boxes with a number of YOUR choice, not necessarily the candidate’s How To Vote Card.  

REMEMBER – you own your preferences NOT the candidate or the party so choose wisely.  Your ballot paper should reflect YOUR wishes.

A failure to think seriously about your order of preference (including a donkey vote) could help elect a candidate you did NOT prefer.

By simply numbering each box the boxes in numerical order from the top is called the “DONKEY VOTE”.  It counts in the overall tally, but could have unintended consequences in electing a candidate NOT of your choice through first preference and/or preference distributions.

To highlight the importance of preference votes see the table below.

In the 2016 Federal election, 102 of the 150 seats were decided by preference votes (i.e. 68%).  Only 48 seats were decided on first preference votes only (i.e.32%).

Interestingly though, 53.19% of seats in NSW and 43.24% in Victoria were decided by firstpreference votes – both well above the national 32% average and significantly above the Queensland average of 13.33%.

Queenslanders & other States – cast your preference votes with deep consideration.  Learn more in Part 2 of this Rite ON series.

It is also interesting to note that 29 out of 76 (42.11%) of the Liberal & National seats nationally were won on first preferences, while only 16 out of 69 (23.19%) of Labor seats nationally were won on first preferences.  Such is the power of your preference vote order on the ballot paper in determining who is elected.

Labor won 76.81% of it’s seats relying on preferences.  On the flip side of the political equation, Liberal/National coalition only 57.89% of it’s seats relied on preferences.

Copy the following links into your browser to view the AEC list of seats that fell into these categories:-

https://results.aec.gov.au/20499/Website/HouseSeatsDecidedOnPrefs-20499.htm

More on the impacts of preference votes from the 2016 Election…. 

Compare the 2 major parties outcomes in seats where they led on primary votes:-

  • ALP led on primary votes in 53 seats, but 37 out of the 53 needed preferences to decide the result. Labor won ALL 37 (100%).  16 were won on primary votes alone.
  • L/NP led on primary votes in 90 seats, but 58 out of the 90 needed preferences to decide the result. L/NP only won 44 of the 58 (75.8%).  32 were won on primary votes alone.

Even more compelling is comparing the 2 major parties outcomes in seats where they were behind on primary votes:-

  • ALP were behind on primary votes in 97 seats and won 16 (16.5%) after preferences.
  • L/NP were behind on primary votes in 60 seats and won NIL (0%) after preferences.

This highlights the extent to which preference votes determined the final outcome in Australia’s 2 Candidate Preferred (2CP) voting system.  Labor is ahead by the proverbial mile in its solidarity & preferencing tightness with those parties on the “left” side of politics (e.g. Greens), when compared to the Liberal/National & those parties on the “right” side of politics (e.g. One Nation, FFP, ALA, LDP, RUAP, AC, KAP, SFF).

WHILE THE LEFT STICK TOGETHER DESPITE THEIR DIFFERENCES, THE RIGHT FRACTURES & FIGHTS DESPITE THEIR SIMILARITIES.

Part 2 in the Rite ON series will examine the detail of how preferences flow and determine results in the House of Representatives.
Part 3 will examine the Senate voting system and the detail of how preferences flow for “above the line” and “below the line” votes & elect Senators.



We will be running Part 2 and Part 3 shortly. Watch this space.

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Ballbreaker
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Ballbreaker
Indignant Elder
Member
Indignant Elder

“We are barely a dozen years into the explosion of social media – with all that is glorious, liberating, creative, messy, menacing and hateful about it – and there are demands to clip its wings. Or even kill it off.”

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6919537/A
ALAN RUSBRIDGER: The woman banned from Facebook for posting two photos
The explosion of social media has sparked an overreaction, according to Alan Rusbridger. A post of two Iranian sporting teams from different eras led…

81Alpha
Member
81Alpha

Harry, this is a great post, but I remember learning most of this in High School, nearly fifty years ago. Don’t they teach this any more?

flying
Member
flying

Candace Owens: The left has become desperate
Fox News
Published on Apr 13, 2019
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J77YacAk_bE

BigBoyScotty
Member
BigBoyScotty

Bloody hell. My footy tipping is up shit creek big time……. I only scored 3 out of 9 games.

sideways G
Member
sideways G

I. seriously, think the pix to this article would be, vastly, improved if the head in the middle went full “post-box”!

Indignant Elder
Member
Indignant Elder

It has started !

NAMES of the 58 Suspects in Massive Child Sex and Trafficking Sting, 28 Child Victims Rescued.

https://gellerreport.com/2019/04/child-sex-trafficking-ring.html/

Indignant Elder
Member
Indignant Elder

Let’s see who screams the loudest here.

Plans to ban public employees from wearing religious items including hijabs and crosses in Quebec sparks protests.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6919015/Religious-symbols-proposal-ignites-fiery-debate-Quebec.html

Indignant Elder
Member
Indignant Elder

Hooroo girls,

Hilarious moment bikini-clad model girlfriends of tobacco tycoon ‘The Candyman’ are sent scrambling after spotting a kangaroo during a shoot.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6920187/Hilarious-moment-kangaroo-ruins-photoshoot-Candy-Shop-Mansion.html

MaxBilney
Member
MaxBilney

Why, why, why are we committing national suicide by flooding our nation with low IQ unassimilables? Because our privileged political class are following the instructions of our Masters of the Universe. And then the Greens and Communist lefties are having a march to support more third world era entering. Why did our soldiers sacrifice themselves to protect our way of life? Anzac Day is a joke, with Muslim music to be played at services. The Turks are laughing,just as they did as our troops tried in vain to assault their impregnable positions high on the sea cliffs. My great uncle’s… Read more »

Bikinis not Burkas
Member
Bikinis not Burkas

Harry, stop feeding the lies that the Government and bureaucrats tell us!
Voting in Australia is NOT COMPULSORY!
You are forced to a place of polling under threats of fines and physical violence inflicted upon you by the Governments hire thugs (Police) if you don’t pay those fines!
They can’t make you VOTE!

BlackRoo
Member
BlackRoo

I see karma has finally caught up with that slimy Muslim appeaser Andrew O’Keefe. Rita Pani 1, Bully O’Keefe 0.

Indignant Elder
Member
Indignant Elder

Poor little ‘schoolgirl’?

Jihadi bride stitched suicide vests: In chilling briefing to Prime Minister, spy chiefs reveal how Shamima Begum served in ISIS’s ‘morality police’ and helped terrorists prepare for attacks.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6919501/Jihadi-bride-Shamima-Begums-vital-ISIS-role-revealed.html

bagman
Member
bagman

A Pennsylvania police officer will not be charged for shooting a suspect in the stomach, because the officer apparently believed he was deploying his Taser instead of firing his gun.
The Buck County District Attorney said in a statement that the shooting “was neither justified, nor criminal, but was excused.”

A Pennsylvania prosecutor said he decided not to charge a police officer for shooting a suspect in the stomach – because the officer believed he had been deploying his Taser instead of firing his gun.

MaxBilney
Member
MaxBilney

Half a million third world dumbasses imported into Australia by the Liberals and Labor. Average IQ less than 85 points which makes them useful as toilet cleaners and sanitary workers. But over 80% stay long term unemployed and dependent on our taxes. You do the homework, but I know Sinbad and his 2 wives and 7 children are able to buy new homes on their Centrelink payments that are over $2,500 per fortnight. And the Africoon youth I see ganged up in Melbourne all have the latest mobiles and designer jeans, shoes, etc. Labor is about to allocate $6 billions… Read more »

Angus
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Angus

Hooray, the reply to comment actually works, good on you Brendan.

Angus
Member
Angus

Voting is too complicated and corrupt, democracy is broken so therefore we need an extreme, far right dictator to take control using the military to cull the non whites and communists by the hundreds of thousands. When do we need him? NOW!

Indignant Elder
Member
Indignant Elder

LOL. Lobster anyone?

Was Julian Assange expelled from the embassy over a leaked picture of a lobster? Snap of Ecuador’s president eating in bed got Assange pinched.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6919797/Was-Julian-Assange-expelled-embassy-leaked-picture-lobster.html

Indignant Elder
Member
Indignant Elder

Notorious ex-Bandido bikie becomes the latest Kiwi to be deported back home after string of crimes – leaving behind his fiancée and three children.
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6919731/Heavily-tattooed-ex-Bandido-bikie-deported-home-New-Zealand.html

Billy B
Member
Billy B

The great Johnny Raper celebrated his 80th recently
Keep on keeping on Chook

disgusted1
Member
disgusted1

Tucker Carlson on Trumps plan to bus illegal immigrants into sanctuary cities. https://youtu.be/U8XJPwmX3jo

WAPatriot
Member
WAPatriot

I use the postal voting option so I take the time to number all of the boxes on the senate paper, I also dont get a how to vote card from any of the parties and instead do my own research on what policies each party is pushing. It doesnt take that long with the internet and it means that my vote is what I want it to be. Dont let the machine tell you how to do your preferences, make your own mind up.

Indignant Elder
Member
Indignant Elder

Only 660 out of 854,870 net migrants to Australia from 2011-2016 were from Europe.

Yet 504,010 migrants were from third world countries.

What kind of country will Australia become if this continues? …………………………………………..

Source: ABS

– Fraser Anning

manfromOZ
Member
manfromOZ

Red Shirts Andrews is up to his old tricks again. He will be spending one Million Dollars of Victorian’s taxes to plug Shortens health plan…. How is that legal ?

Indignant Elder
Member
Indignant Elder

Thousands to rally to bring refugees to Australia

https://www.9news.com.au/national/national-rallies..

mots
Member
mots

The one in the middle left her letterbox outfit at home?

Ducktracy
Member
Ducktracy

Senator Fraser Anning

Only 660 out of 854,870 net migrants to Australia from 2011-2016 were from Europe.

Yet 504,010 migrants were from third world countries.

What kind of country will Australia become if this continues?

https://twitter.com/fraser_anning/status/1117314859442401280

Flysa
Member
Flysa

Is that a suicide vest on the kid in the blue to the left of Two Dads?

ejada
Member
ejada

Tony Abbott is right when he says climate change is not our biggest issue.
Patrick Moore explains why:
https://youtu.be/vb-52nlv0qs

MaxBilney
Member
MaxBilney

Georgiporgie, the man then asked the Irishman, but what locality am I in? The Irishman said, you are near my place.

rosa
Member
rosa

Brendan, WOW, the new reply/comment gadget is brilliant. Thank you very much.

MaxBilney
Member
MaxBilney

Gee,May 12, does not give Fraser long to get his new party’s candidates ready.

MaxBilney
Member
MaxBilney

I was told that I could not use my own biro in a recent election. Hence, I had to use a feint, half blunt HB pencil provided. It broke as I tried to place the numbers and the official laughed at me. Check what you can use, as I know textas and indelible pens are banned. In fact, any permanent marker is banned as the numbers could not be altered. Surely there is a better way that is foolproof, but keep away from computer digital input as these can be hacked. I suggest a scratchee type system which also includes… Read more »

rosa
Member
rosa

Thanks Harry for this good info. I see Sea Patrol Sarah is up for election this year in SA, Yea!! I hope South Australians have finally seen the light to vote her out, she is proven herself to be an embarrassment for SA and a useless ignorant idiot too many times.

If any PPs here want to air their views with their abc, go to Vote Compass 2019 and vote as you wish. It’s a bit of fun.

mots
Member
mots

“CNN WILL NEVER, EVER TELL YOU THIS!”
SGTreport
Published on 13 Apr 2019
“This is the absolute 100% true story of how the deep state tried to topple Donald J. Trump, and it’s exactly WHY Attorney General William Barr recently said “I think spying did occur” on the Trump campaign. These are the FACTS that CNN will never ever tell their viewers.”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J6lDHgVpJ6s

Billy B
Member
Billy B

Has Tony Abbott seen the writing on the wall and made the jump to the Senate yet ?
It’s long odds to believe Warringah will give the backbencher another chance .

But in the Senate Tony WILL receive the percentage required without too much effort
Be settled for 6 years and as a Senator will NOT be be a leadership threat so should get a Ministry if the LNP win
Pragmatist or Gambler ? Not much time left to decide

MaxBilney
Member
MaxBilney

Re mention of Clint Eastwood throwing animals off the balcony: my hero, the Sultan of Brunei would stone faggots first and then throw them into pits. The president of the Phillipines has saved 1000’s of young lives by rounding up the druggies and pushers and executing them. And China has a record of executing corrupt public officials, which means Ms Gillard would be long dead and she would not have received her Companion Order of Australia, our highest civil award. Instead our sick and totally corrupt society berates a man of honesty and integrity, Fraser Anning.

buraq2
Member
buraq2

For those who want to binge…here’s Part 2 –

https://www.riteon.org.au/how-to-vote-preferences-distribution-part-2/

MaxBilney
Member
MaxBilney

It is absolutely imperative that Fraser Anning supplies us with details on how to make our vote count. I do not want any preferences going to the Greens or Labor. I was very disappointed that previously some of One Nations’ prefernces went to Labor. Reading the great article above emphasises how ridiculously complicated and stupid the voting procedure has become. Preferences go everywhere and crooks can get elected. We MUST stop Labor’s and Liberals’ plans to keep on flooding us with Africoon savage illiterates and infidel hating Muslims. If we do not, we, like a number of European countries are… Read more »

georgieporgie
Member
georgieporgie

Man in a hot air balloon is lost over Ireland . He looks down and sees a farmer in the fields and shouts to him Where am I? The Irish farmer looks back up and shouts back. ‘You’re in that basket.’

Ducktracy
Member
Ducktracy

Clint Eastwood 🇺🇸

In my world of Justice, This animal would be thrown off the same balcony. I would be the one to throw him.

Do you play chess, Sherry?

https://twitter.com/ClintEastwoodLA/status/1117298528093646849

Disraeli
Member
Disraeli

Brexit Party’s Annunziata Rees-Mogg: My Brother Supports Me, May Has ‘Abandoned’ Tory Members, Voters Annunziata Rees-Mogg, the sister of European Research Group (ERG) chief Jacob Rees-Mogg who was hailed as Nigel Farage’s “secret weapon” when he unveiled her as a Brexit Party candidate, says she has her brother’s support. Annunziata told The Telegraph that she and her brother Jacob are “very close” and that he had “accepted my decision”. “[Jacob] knows that I feel extremely passionately about this subject and that I felt I had to do something… Of course, he sees a different way of achieving the same aim,… Read more »

Bat
Member
Bat

Fraser Anning, addressed to you.
Give us a preferred “How To Vote” Senate for the Qld side.

That way, I will make no mistake.

King of Hearts
Member
King of Hearts

This is a very important article. Thank you Harry.

Inkeemegee
Member
Inkeemegee

Wow,,,,How to vote 101 for idiots!. Recent data highlights the fact the cohort(s) of voters 18 to 60 dont consider immigration to be an issue. That group out numbers the rest of the voting public at least 2:1,,,,, even more when you consider more and nore 75 plus folk cant or decline to vote.

cinerama
Member
cinerama

Just think, you study the paper, carefully place the correct numbers, off course using a biro and not a pencil, and the mug next to you will vote for the tigers to win.

trackback
ARE THEY US – OR ARE WE TO BECOME THEM? - Pickering Post

[…] SEE OUR ARTICLE ON HOW TO VOTE TO MAKE YOUR PREFERENCES COUNT. THE ARTICLE IS ABOVE THIS ONE ON THE HOME PAGE. CLICK HERE TO GO STRAIGHT TO IT. […]

Bkengineering
Member
Bkengineering

With voting trending down from the traditional 80 per cent shared between the major parties, government and opposition parties, to around 60 per cent that of course leaves 40 per cent undecided or supporting minor parties. Therefore the prospect of a 2010 style hung parliament is high. My voting plan in the Senate is below the line 1 to 12 of my choice, not a party above line group vote. One reason is that I want Liberal Senator Jim Molan back in the Senate but I won’t be sticking to Liberal or National, I intend to choose carefully. In the… Read more »

Micky C
Member
Micky C

I am enthusiastic about studying the correct how-to instructions but am immediately struck by not only the importance of this, but depressed at the low level of the ability of the Australian voter. People don’t think deeply on the subject and they have no knowledge that their vote has been gamed or traded or preference whispered away. It’s a con and a disgrace. The system is broken and I sound pessimistic when I say that we might try in our small way to maximise our vote or minimise the damage but over 90% of the voting public are having the… Read more »

EsraStar
Member
EsraStar

So,how ridiculously complicated is that? Time for a change,i think.

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